Linoleum Flooring


General Information
Genuine linoleum is the original sheet flooring material, first patented by Englishman Frederick Walton in 1863. Although some people still call all sheet floors "linoleum," the real thing is quite different from the vinyl floors that gradually replaced them a century later. Its name derives from the main ingredient, linseed oil. (In Latin, linum is the word for linseed, which comes from the flax plant, and oleum means oil.) The oil is boiled, mixed with melted resins, and combined with powdered cork, wood flour, resins, ground limestone, and other natural materials. Mineral pigments provide the color. This mixture is formed into a durable sheet by applying heat and pressure.

Today, genuine linoleum is manufactured only in Europe and is imported into the United States. Recently it has enjoyed resurgence in popularity among homeowners and certain commercial applications because of its natural look and physical properties. Genuine linoleum is quiet and comfortable underfoot and contains no synthetic chemicals. The antistatic surface rejects dust and makes it ideal for rooms with electronic equipment.

Genuine linoleum is extremely long-wearing, and some have observed that it actually gets stronger with age as the linseed oil oxidizes.

Maintenance & Care
The linoleum surface is more porous than vinyl floors, so it's important to protect it with a high-quality polish. This will prevent spills or dirt from penetrating and staining the surface and will add an attractive low-level gloss. Two thin, even coats should be applied initially. Add an additional layer for a higher gloss. The floor should be cleaned regularly using a neutral detergent solution or floor cleaner diluted to cup per gallon of water. Because linoleum is made of natural materials, the use of harsh alkalis or high pH products such as ammonia should be avoided. From time to time, it's a good idea to re-apply two thin coats of the floor polish; to avoid polish buildup, don't over-apply to areas that are not walked on, such as along the walls.

Linoleum floors are known to "bloom." Bloom is the term given to the minor color adjustments linoleum flooring makes when exposed to light. It turns its true color. Because genuine linoleum is made from natural raw materials, oxidation of the linseed oil in your floor may result in a yellowish cast when not exposed to light (under the range, rug or refrigerator, etc.). This visual discoloration is only temporary. Once exposed to light, the yellowing disappears and your genuine linoleum floor will "bloom" again.

Linoleum floors are less flexible than vinyl, and sheet installations will probably have seams that should be sealed. Linoleum is not recommended for use in restrooms.

Special Services

Elite Maintenance will be happy to perform a site visit of your facility and customize our services to fit your individual needs.   





35 Goldenland Ct. Suite 310   l   Sacramento, CA   l   95834   l   Tel: (916) 419 - 6986   l   Fax: (916) 419 - 7042